Donating blood from pets is an act that can save lives, but it can also be intimidating when you're not familiar with the procedure and the necessary information. We understand this sentiment completely.
Our beloved furry companions hold a special place in our hearts, so when it comes to the idea of them donating blood, it's natural to have numerous questions. Given the profound love we have for our pets, it's essential to extend that care to other animals in need, whether they are pets or strays.
Similar to humans, dogs also possess distinct blood types. Blood transfusions in dogs are determined by species rather than breed. In practical terms, this means that a Golden Retriever can receive blood from an Indie dog.
Before a pet receives blood from another, a crossmatching test is typically performed to ensure compatibility between the two blood types. However, if it's your pet's first blood transfusion, crossmatching may not be necessary.
Did you know?
Dogs, like humans, have different blood types. The most important canine blood types are dog erythrocyte antigen (DEA) 1.1, DEA 1.2, and DEA 7. These antigens are crucial in preventing adverse reactions during blood transfusions. Dogs with a negative blood type (e.g., DEA 1.1-negative) are considered universal donors, while those with a positive blood type are considered universal recipients.
10 Blood Donation Requirements for Dogs
When considering whether your pet can be a blood donor, there are certain criteria that must be met. Many pet parents often inquire about these prerequisites. Some of these prerequisites are given below:
Check Donor Eligibility Criteria
Your pet should be in good health and between 1 to 8 years of age.
For dogs, the weight requirement is above 8 kg for small breeds, 14 kg for medium breeds, and 25 kg for large breeds.
Ensure your pet is fully vaccinated and free of worms.
Your pet must be free from any diseases and not have experienced any illnesses in the last 6 months.
They should be free from ticks and fleas.
Your pet should not be under any medication.
If your pet is female, she should not have been pregnant in the last 6 months.
Your veterinarian may conduct some tests before your pet can become a blood donor. It is important to note that healthy dogs and cats can donate blood every 4 to 5 months.
Once your pet has been cleared as a suitable blood donor, the veterinarian will initiate the blood donation process.
The Blood Donation Process
The first step is to ensure your pet is comfortable and relaxed before the donation begins.
Your pet will then be placed on a table, lying on their side. Blood is typically drawn from the jugular vein at the neck, although the veterinarian may choose to collect the blood from their paw.
An IV catheter is used, connected to a specialized EDTA blood bag, to collect up to 20% of the pet's blood volume in one session.
The blood donation process for pets lasts between 1 to 3 hours, depending on the clinical condition of the pet, with the actual blood collection taking less than 30 minutes.
After the donation, your pet is provided with a health supplement or an energy booster and kept under observation for a few hours.
Most pets recover quickly and return to their normal activities. It is advisable to offer them nutritious food, hydrating drinks like coconut water, and avoid strenuous activities following blood donation.
We hope this article helps you and motivates you to make your dogs donor so that countless lives can be saved.